Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report on Russia’s implementation of European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) judgments on Chechnya. ECHR has issued 115 judgments on human rights violations in Chechnya in 1999-2004. In nearly all of those cases, it has held Russia responsible for disappearances, extrajudicial executions, torture, or failing to properly investigate these crimes. According to the report, Russia normally has timely paid compensation ordered by ECHR, but has failed to carry out the court's orders to ensure effective investigations and hold perpetrators accountable. HRW, inter alia, recommends to the Russian government to immediately initiate criminal investigations against apparent offenders named in ECHR judgments, including three generals: Yakov Nedobitko, Vladimir Shamanov, and Alexander Baranov.